But the cultural and legal structures for managing irrigation evolved in unique ways. In northern New Mexico, the Spanish-speaking immigrants imported a communal concept once brought to Spain from North Africa — the acequia. It means the entire system of managing communal water deliveries and the volunteer labor needed to keep the main ditch — the acequia madre — clean. Acequias and acequia disagreements persist in places like Taos.
The Anglo-American legal tradition toward ensuring access to water split in two around the time of the Gold Rush. In some western states, the European riparian system of rights based on owning riverfront land, survives. As some of the major economic users of water in the 19th century were miners, using industrial quantities of water to flush out gold. Surviving terms reflect that period.
The current common metric reflects the fact that agriculture has long been water's economic sphere: the acre-foot. Current water law looks to its mining precedents when it gives us terms like beneficial use and senior rights.
Synonyms for in other words at pocdafourreli.ga with free online thesaurus, antonyms, and definitions. Find descriptive alternatives for in other words. In other words, I don't think he'll be attending your gathering. etc): to put it another way, put differently, that is to say, i.e.; see also Thesaurus:in other words .
And when water deliveries need to be policed, the people called on are ditch riders who are out to thwart water rustling. In any system of management, someone needs to be the boss — in New Mexican acequias, it is a mayordomo ; in federal law, it is a water master, often a judge or lawyer immersed in the legal lore.
Adjudication has become a western water word, describing the decades-long process of parceling out water rights in a given basin. The knowledge that water is scarce and likely to get scarcer has energized irrigation engineers in farming, producing devices like the center pivot sprinkling system. Conservation , at the time the Hoover Dam was built to block the Colorado River, meant storing water for future use. Today, it means using water as frugally as possible. Near the end of the Columbia River, the flow has gouged through cliffs now several thousand feet tall, and bitten into the land beneath.
One part of the resulting cataracts is called the Dalles , from the French word dalle ; it came to mean rapids in a gorge. In a bone-dry landscape like the Navajo reservation at the corner of Utah, Colorado, Arizona and New Mexico, water names proliferated. In Nahuatl, it was atl. Then came the Europeans. For the Spanish, agua.
For the French, who first explored Idaho and Montana, eau.
The late-coming English-speakers had their own word: water. It is not a good time for the Central Valley's flood infrastructure to function below capacity. Just as the drought was epic, the snowmelt of , arriving in the next few months, may be epic as well. Submit your own thoughts and questions by using the form at the bottom of this page. Entries will be reviewed and posted as we get them. Responding to In Other Words, Water. Rather, they describe two extremely different wetland types.
Bogs are freshwater very low conductivity, in fact , low pH, fed almost exclusively by rainfall not runoff or groundwater. There's generally no obvious direction of flow. Bogs are common in glaciated landscapes e. Sloughs on the other hand are very low gradient, and often brackish or saline. They may be connected to the coast, but can also occur inland e. Unlike bogs, surface flow often bidirectional, with tides is a defining feature. Bogs and sloughs are both wetlands, and dominated by non-woody vegetation, but that's pretty much all they have in common.
Perhaps you meant that slough is a common word for a tidal creek? We'd like to know what you think.
We will not share your email address or add you to any lists. If you'd like to be notified about new blog posts and news from the Center, you can join our mailing list. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration reports the current Alaska-to-California swath of strikingly warm water closely resembles its predecessor.
The four automakers, Ford, Honda, Volkswagen and BMW, earlier this summer said they would follow stricter emission standards than those set by the Trump administration. The administration is opening the antitrust investigation while the Transportation Department and the Environmental Protection Agency both are telling California it lacks authority to regulate greenhouse-gas emissions.
The state has had independent authority to regulate auto emissions for more than four decades. The stated purpose is to improve habitat for sage grouse and allow the growth of fodder for cattle and deer — prized targets for hunters. But the area of slightly more than 1, square miles where the activity is set to place has been the site of significant archaeological and cultural finds.
Less than 10 percent of the ground has been surveyed, and undiscovered artifacts could be endangered by the activity. Also, the use of heavy equipment in these delicate landscapes can lead to the incursion of invasive species. Mines are shutting, wrenching the economies of counties that depended on them. Two reporters worked to get under the skin of what these developments — and the way coal is losing out to competitors like natural gas and renewables — mean for the Jim Bridger mine in southwestern Wyoming.
The law of the river has tended to give the lower basin states of the Colorado River watershed — like California and Arizona — the right to call on the upper basin states, like Colorado, Utah to ensure they get their share of water, as allocated in a compact. The question now is whether it will gain traction. The landscapes of the West have been called by many names, as different civilizations passed through. Now the names given in the last years by western Europeans are getting another look. A series of similar naming questions are popping up from Washington — should Mt.
Rainier bear the name of a British officer? A look at how the people of the 21st century are reconsidering the names of the 19th.
Many of The West's Estuaries Have Vanished, replaced with farmland and cities, leaving only 15 percent of the original wetlands intact. Wetlands shield coastal communities from sea-level rise and extreme storms; researchers emphasize that intact wetlands will be the best protectors for coastal communities, making them the least likely to vanish under rising seas. The new research estimates that the likelihood of an intense four-year drought like the one California faced from to will increase a hundredfold by the second half of this century. Immediately, other federal officials were dispatched to vet, and possibly revise, it.
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Many of The West's Estuaries Have Vanished, replaced with farmland and cities, leaving only 15 percent of the original wetlands intact. The law of the river has tended to give the lower basin states of the Colorado River watershed — like California and Arizona — the right to call on the upper basin states, like Colorado, Utah to ensure they get their share of water, as allocated in a compact. Feb 09, Minutes. They may be connected to the coast, but can also occur inland e. In a bone-dry landscape like the Navajo reservation at the corner of Utah, Colorado, Arizona and New Mexico, water names proliferated. As his early media ventures had been aimed at boomers in their youth, the new venture aims at the same people, now older.
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